- Are there patterns in the behaviour? Does it occur around a set of circumstances? Are those consistent?
- If I can identify patterns, I try to use them to work out causal relationships. Does circumstance A consistently result in behaviour B?
- If I have enough background on the person involved, I can try to work out the underlying reasons for those relationships, but this is not critical.
Real-life example. Someone in my wider social circle tends to start uncalled-for, heated arguments and then refuses to de-escalate. By looking at the circumstances of those arguments, I realise that they occur when he is 'challenged' by women or younger men. The causal relationship seems pretty straight-forward: anything seen as a challenge by those groups results in an outburst. I know he comes from a culture where the elderly are respected, and women are subservient. I can then work out that the only way to avoid the arguments is to not offer anything that he can interpret as a challenge.